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Femoral fracture

With fracture it is meant an interruption of the bone’s continuity. Fractures occur when a force is applied to the bone capable of overcoming its capacity for resistance.

There are different ways to classify and describe fractures:

  • according to the origins of the fracture: traumaticor pathological (typical in elderly people); 
  • according to the mechanism of the fracture: direct or indirect;
  • according to the type of fracture: traverseobliquespiral or longitudinal;
  • according to the patterns of fractured segments: comminuted or compound
  • according to the extent of damage of the overlying skin: closed or open;
  • according to the thickness of the bone exposed to fracture: complete or incomplete
  • according to the fracture’s stability: stable or unstable

Typical symptoms in fractures are characterised by pain, rigidity, haematoma and functional limitations in the affected limb.

Diagnosis is usually confirmed with a standard X-ray.

The urgency in treatment is managed at the first aid. Then, it is extremely important to start a personalised rehabilitation treatment. Rehabilitation at the beginning tends to decrease pain and inflammation, after to recover the maximum range of movement possible, in the gym first, and to remove stitches in the pool as well.
The gradual recovery of the muscular strength and co-ordination are then fundamental to achieve the maximum functional outcome possible.

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