The trapezius muscle is an important muscle of the neck. The causes that determine its contraction are various but the most frequent are traumatic, associated to the whiplash, or postural. An incorrect position of the spine during daily activities, as for example sitting in front of a computer or TV, on a chair without leaning the back, sleeping with two pillows in supine position, etc. can lead to a progressive increase of muscular tension.
The symptoms consist of neck pain that may cause a headache or articular limitation also known as “stiff neck”.
The treatment is always conservative with rehab sessions aimed to eliminate the stiffness and allow maximal functional recovery.
The patient with contracture of the trapezius refers to variable pain depending on the location or type of physical effort and not a widespread increase in the basal tone located at the base of the neck to the shoulders.
The first phase of the rehabilitation protocol is aimed at reducing pain, through the use of physical therapies such as laser, tens, hyperthermia and recover of the range of motion through relaxant massage therapy, soft neck pompage and stretching exercises of trapezius and cervical paraspinal.
Once you achieved the objectives we proceed with the phase of muscle strengthening exercises and exercises aimed to prevent the subsequent onset of the problem.
Right from the begining will be given the low impact aerobic activities, bike and elliptical and will be proposed toning exercises of rhomboid muscles, latissimus dorsi, external rotators of the shoulder, elevators of the scapula both with small weights and with elastic until you get to more complex exercises and coordinative activities.