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Osteoarthritis of the hip (hip joint)

If you are reading this section, it means that your injury is included in the wide chapters of the degenerative pathologies, involving the processes of wear of the articular heads, the so called arthrosis. 

Together with the wear, natural attempts or reparation occur, but these only improve the possibility of periaticular ossifications, the so called osteophytes, provoking limitations in movement which could become eriously invalidating. Arthritis can arise both on healthy articulations of malformed or traumatised ones. It is more common in women and overweight patients. There are also particular type of jobs that seem to favorit the pathology.

Symptoms are clear and include: groin pain (which tends to worsen when walking or moving after a period of inactivity),pain that irradiates to the knee (that is why any patients who complain about knee pain will have their hip joints examined, especially when there is no history f trauma to the knee) and a weakness, wasting, and imbalance of the hip and thigh muscles.

Diagnosis is clinical and radiographic, with X-rays being used to reveal alterations to the bone structure and CT and MRI scans are used to detect the presence of cartilage irregularities.

A proper rehabilitation plan aims at reducing pan, increasing range of motion, returning the patient to his active daily life and most importantly, slowing the progression of the disease is effective only when performed early and correctly. Patients may also benefit from a reduction in their physical work or changing to more suitable physical and sporting activities.

You should remember that articulations are movement organs and when one of these does not work properly, the body’s natural response is to protect damaged areas, especially those involved in movement. Therefore rehabilitation exercises to restore efficient range of motion, reduce the levels of muscle weakening and imbalances, eliminate bad postural behaviours and maintain good coordination are of great importance here. These exercises can significantly help in pain control and improving quality of life and should not be underestimated.

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