This technique is based upon the fact that in the period immediately following an isometric muscle contraction, there is a spontaneous decrease in muscle tone. Thanks to this phenomenon, we can facilitate the passive stretching of a muscle.
In this treatment, it is useful to precede any stretching with a very brief passive return. The therapist performs a muscle shortening movement, which causes a sudden drop in muscle tone, allowing for better elongation of the muscle.
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation is useful in a number of cases such as neurological disorders which have led to a disturbance in function, post-surgical rehabilitation as well as orthopaedic or rheumatic trauma.
The objectives of this treatment are to improve the patient’s sensorimotor performance, balance muscle action, improve movement in relation to physiological functions, improve strength and endurance as well as the recovery of neuromotor coordination.